Part III of X in a series on classic teas you need to taste
Origin: Li Mountain, Taiwan
- Blue-green and green color
- 2-3 leaves connected by a stem and balled together
- Light-to-medium oxidization
- Sweet wood aromas with floral scents.
- Leaves open to reveal 2-3 leaves connected to a stem
- Bean fragrances
- Yellow-to-gold color
- Cedar, English laurel, and pear aromas
- Light-to-medium astringency
- Light brothy texture
Confusion could be created by the names and initial appearance of Taichung county’s Li Shan (i.e. “Pear Mountian”) and Chiayi county’s A Li Shan.
Li Shan is a “high mountain” oolong, which are characterized as those oolongs grown at an elevation of over 1,000 meters above sea level. Li Shan plantations exist at elevavations of up to 2600 meters. As a result, you are able to get Li Shan oolongs grown at higher elevations than Darjeeling teas, which can range from 750 to 2000 meters above sea level.
Like many oolongs, the rolling process contributes heavily to the finished product we enjoy. Rolling often involves placing leaves in the center of a large piece of canvas. The corners are brought together, and then the cloth is twisted until the leaves are tightly compacted into a bulb shape. This bulb of leaves gets pressed on its sides to release the juices and create the tiny paper-wad shape of the rolled leaves. In (usually) less than an hour, the bulb is opened, the leaves allowed to dry and separate to avoid becoming a giant lump of tea. This process can be repeated up to 30 times, depending on weather conditions and other factors in oxidation.
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